Civil Engineering Courses in India

Top Specializations of Civil Engineering Courses in India

 

The evergreen branch of engineering is Civil Engineering. In 2020, it still remains one of the most sought after branch in engineering to choose for your BTech after class 12 or MTech after BTech. These days there is a lot of emphasis on engineering branches related to computers and information technology. However, civil engineering specializations has really come of age and is becoming very popular amongst students across the world as well as in India. This is because of the huge building projects being carried out throughout the world.

 

What exactly is civil engineering? Civil Engineering is a type of engineering that deals with designing, maintenance, analysis and development of physical structures and environment. These include roads, dams, bridges, canals, sewerage systems, hyperloop structures, railway bridges, caves, tunnels, and pipelines. Let us take a look at civil engineering as a career option as well as the different types of civil engineering to help you understand the details of this branch as well its specializations.

 

Management and Construction Engineering

This includes constructing structures as well as learning management tools for all tasks related to construction engineering. This also involves the techniques and skills to plan the movement of huge machinery and materials to building areas which may be far off and in remote areas. Tehri Dam and its related hydro project is one such example, where this field is very important.

 

The Top Colleges of Management and Construction Engineering Courses in India

Name of InstituteCity
M. S. Ramaiah University of Applied SciencesBangalore
Manipal Institute of Technology (MIT Manipal)Manipal
Hindustan UniversityChennai
SRM UniversityChennai
Al-Falah UniversityFaridabad
Bharath UniversityChennai
Birla Vishvakarma Mahavidyalaya Engineering College, [BVM]Vallabh Vidyanagar
B.S. Abdur Rahman University - [BSAU]Chennai
College of Engineering - [COEP]Pune
Anurag Group of InstitutionsGhatkesar
Indian Institute of Technology - [IITD]New Delhi

 

Transportation Engineering

Transport Engineering involves designing transportation systems that are efficient, functional and sustainable. The transportation system includes transportation structures for roads, streets, air transportation, tunnels, overpasses, railways, etc. There is extensive involvement of logistical planning and involves transportation planning, pavement engineering and infrastructure management. A few top engineering colleges providing this specializing are    

 

Structural Engineering

Structural engineering is a very niche branch of Civil Engineering and is related to analyzing and designing the structures of physical infrastructures like bridges, overpasses, complex platforms for railway lines, offshore structures like oil, gas fields in the sea, etc. It forms the core of any major project and no project can be planned without taking structural engineers into its confidence. This type of engineering  is used for analyzing and designing aspects of any project. In any project, a structural engineer has to make measurements and assumptions about the pressures and loads that the structures will have in its lifetime, its future impacts and how it can be safe for long-term use. A few top colleges in this field are 

 

Environmental Engineering

This branch of engineering involves the protection-related activities related to the environment like green engineering, pollution elimination, solid waste treatment, handling hazardous waste materials, protection of densely populated areas, and natural resources situated in densely populated areas, amongst others. A few colleges providing environmental engineering include 

 

Water Engineering

Water engineering is all about water and human beings compatibilities. One has to have an understanding of how natural water bodies react to human intervention. These engineers are involved in planning and methodology of conservation of potable water which is depleting rapidly. Water engineering also focuses on the prevention of floods, drought, and understanding the nature of coastal waters. Major projects like combining natural rivers, artificial floods as well as seawater use all fall under this specialization. Top engineering colleges providing water engineering courses include 

 

Geotechnical Engineering

Geotechnical Engineering is concerned with exploring the ground and soil properties on which a construction project is to be made. In this type of engineering checking the soil quality, the quality of the stones and safety of the structure are all responsibilities of Geotechnical engineers.  It is the job of a geotechnical engineer to detect any vulnerabilities in the ground while planning any structure. They work very closely with studies predicting earthquakes prone areas. A few engineering colleges in India providing this branch are

 

Coastal Engineering

Coastal engineering is that branch of civil engineering which involves the management and protection of coastal areas from floods, erosion and other environmental factors. A coastal engineer learns plenty of techniques and their applications to help in the protection of the area. There are about 6,20,000 kilometers of coastline in the world. One-third of the total human population, nearly 2.4 billion people, lives within 100 km (60 miles) of an oceanic coastline throughout the world. Recent tsunamis have highlighted the need of very good coastal engineering planning for the future. A few top colleges offering Ocean Engineering Careers are

 

Earthquake Engineering

Earthquake engineering is a very specialized branch of civil engineering involving producing and designing an infrastructure or a project in such a way that it can withstand the hazardous effects of an earthquake. Earthquake engineers are in huge demand in earthquake-prone areas like Japan, USA and many more countries. In India too nowadays, earthquake-resistant buildings, dam and other projects are a must in planning before permissions are granted. A few colleges offering earthquake engineering are

 

Thus there are plenty of specializations in civil engineering in India to choose from for your engineering studies after class 12. Civil engineering is popular because of the vast number of types of civil engineering fields one can explore and join. Choosing specialized fields ensure better job prospects after your studies.

 

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