What Are Physical Sciences? All One Needs To Know About The World Of Physical Sciences

May 25, 2021

What Are Physical Sciences? All One Needs To Know About The World Of Physical Sciences

What are physical sciences?

Physical science is a branch of science that connects many disciplines and combinations which focus on the earth and its components, from rocks and soils to the ocean and atmosphere including physics, astronomy, chemistry, the study of inanimate natural objects, and other related academic subjects. Physics is something all around us, including everything from the tiniest particles that have been discovered to the largest stars and black holes in the universe. 

Coming to Physical scientists are those people who study the earth and all its processes and components. A physical science bachelor's degree program develops students for a career as science teachers, science writers, or a spectrum of scientific positions related to science. 

Education Information

Physical sciences degree programs are generally designed in a way that directs students to focus on a specific field within physical science.  Some of the programs also offer forensic science and pre-medicine tracks for students who plan to proceed to graduate school in these fields. A few of the bachelor courses are as follows; 

  • Bachelor of Science in Physical Science
  • Bachelor's Degree in Oceanography
  • Bachelor's Degree in Geology
  • Master of Science in Physics
  • Ph.D. in Chemistry

A wide variety of alternatives are available for students who want to pursue their studies online. Many degree programs in the field of physical sciences are available which are fully online or as hybrid degree curricula. A few of the options are mentioned below;

  • Online Courses in the Physical Sciences
  • Online Graduate Courses in Chemistry
  • Online Courses in Physics
  • Online Degree Programs in Geography
  • Online Degree Programs in Forensic Science

List Under graduation Institutes in India


The Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS): Integrated Bachelor’s – Master’s Program.


BITS, Pilani: 4 year B.sc + M.sc.


Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore: Provide Four-year Bachelor of Science (Research) Programs in Six major disciplines that are  Biology, Mathematics, Earth & Environmental Science, Chemistry, Materials, and Physics.

Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Chennai: B.Sc. (Hons.) in Mathematics and Physics (3-year program).

National Institute of Science Education and Research (NISER): Offers 5 years integrated Program (B.SC – M.Sc). 

Centre for Excellence in Basic Sciences (CBS): Allows 5 years Integrated Program (MSc).

Indian Institutes of Science Education & Research (Various locations): Offers BS and BS-MS Dual Degree Program (5-year duration) in the field of Biological Sciences, Engineering Sciences (Chemical Engineering, Data Science & Engineering,  Data Science, Earth & Climate Sciences/Earth & Environmental Sciences, Chemical Sciences, Economic Sciences, Electrical Engineering & Computer Science Engineering), Geological Sciences, Mathematical Sciences & Physical Sciences.

Career Options

A wide range of scientific jobs is present in the field of physical sciences. Some of the job profiles are listed below.

  • Physical Scientist
  • Environmentalist
  • Astronomer
  • Science Teacher
  • Meteorologist
  • Astrophysics
  • Photonics scientists
  • Meteorology
  • Geodesists
  • Hydrologists
  • Geophysics
  • Professor

Why physical science?

Physics is something human life revolves about whether it be Astrophysicists or cosmologists who study black holes, galaxies, supernovas, and dark energy, or the plasma applications which has been a key technology in chip production, thin-film coating of ceramics/metals for improvements by modification of the surfaces, and many other applications to environmental concerns, including dissociation of hazardous gases.

The prediction of weather conditions also involves physics, the Meteorologists use advanced modeling techniques to forecast atmospheric conditions. Along with this meteorologists also study the influence of weather on the environment and research weather patterns and climate change. Another important section involving physics is Hydrologists who study the movement and properties of water and soil samples in various terrains. 

Other academic fields within physical science include particle physics, optics, medical physics,  nanotechnology, geophysics, and many more. This also implies that there are several fields for a physical science professional.

By Usha Saha

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